Level II: The Blacksmith's Craft.



TOOL NEEDS

Here are the tools you should (or may want) to have with you for each of our projects. Leave the other heavy handtools at home and save your back!

The project numbers used correspond to our tab numbers in 'The Book'.

You should always have with you:
measuring tool
soapstone
centerpunch
hotcut (chisel, toptool, or hardy)
2-2.5 lb. hammer with a flat face
wire brush
eye protection (consider something with IR protection for forge welding!)

A NOTE ON HAMMERS: I've mentioned quite a number of hammers below. This does not mean that you need buckets full of hammers to do the Level II projects! At this point in your forging, it is likely that you'll want 3 or 4 hammers, though. Most of them may be from yard sales and swap meets. A little modification can turn a less-useful hammer into a more-useful hammer, too!

Some specifics: For welding, use a light hammer, maybe with a rounded face. For upsetting, use a light hammer, but with a flat face. Light hammers are used for both because they work better for rapid lighter hammering (which is what both techniques demand), but you usually want upsets to have nice flat ends, and welds need the end of the scarf well forged-in. Thus, an 'upsetting hammer' is OK for welding, but some lovely 'welding hammers' won't do a nice job on upsetting. 'Heavy hammer' means a hammer you'll use for hitting punches- you may want something heavier than you use for standard forging, especially if your nice forging hammer will ding when striking a tool! At various times, we'll specifically need ball- or cross-peins, and sometimes a rounding face (like a farriers hammer) is useful- this doesn't mean more hammers, just well-chosen (or modified) ones! My welding hammer has a rounding face and a straight pein (it used to be flat- I changed it); my upsetting hammer is a ball pein. That's lots of handy hammer faces and uses in two swap meet hammers that cost me less $8 total (I had to buy a handle for one of them-).

NEEDED                                     SUGGESTED
1) Welded Eye-Bolt
light welding hammer
borax
1/2" round tongs
2) Welded Bolt Head
light welding hammer
borax
hot cut chisel
1/2" round tongs
1/2" round bottom swage
outside calipers (small)
3-5) Plain and Forged Square Corners
light upsetting hammer
lots of patience!
1/2" sq. tongs
scrolling wrench
steel or brass square (the angle tool...)
6) Scarf Weld (aka Lap Weld)
light welding hammer
borax
1/4" flat tongs
 
7) Glut Corner Weld
hot cut chisel
hot rasp
light welding hammer
even lighter welding hammer...
big sq. tongs for stock (3/4"?)
light upsetting hammer
hacksaw
8) Scarf Corner Weld
heavy hammer
light upsetting / welding hammer
borax
hot cut chisel or top tool
1/4" flat/box tongs
hot rasp
outside calipers
steel or brass square (the angle tool...)

NEEDED                                    
SUGGESTED
9-14) Hand-Turned Scrolls
cross pein hammer
light upsetting hammer
ball pein hammer
hot cut chisel
borax
1/4" flat/box tongs
scrolling tongs for UNdoing!
15) Scroll Tool (or jig)
chalk (blackboard-type)
pencil
scrolling fork and wrench (tab 27)
scrolling tongs
hot rasp
16) C- and S-Scrolls
ball chain or heavy solder (15-18")
paper and pen/pencil
1/4" flat or box tongs
scrolling wrench(es)
scrolling tongs
full-scale drawing to match
 
17) Collars (and tooling)
small hammer
scrolling tongs
 
18) Welded Twists
light welding hammer
borax
twisting wrench
large (3/4"?) sq. tongs
scrolling tongs

NEEDED                                    
SUGGESTED
19) Water Leaves (and bottom tool)
leaf hammer (tab 24)
5/8" sq. tongs
scrolling or wolfjaw tongs
hot cut/slitter chisel
hot rasp
file and/or sandpaper
round faced hammer
heavy hammer
file
20) Square Blockings (and tooling)
hot rasp
1/2" round tongs
sandpaper/broken grinder chunk
pencil and paper for math
glove for non-hammer hand
set hammer
larger round/sq. tongs
outside calipers
straight dividers
heavy hammer
21) Turned Hinge (blanket chest style)
1/4" flat/box tongs
slotter from sq. blocking or hammer
round punch for screw holes
small scrolling tongs/pliers
small straight or cross pein hammer
22) Welded Hinge
1/4" flat/box or farrier tongs
light upsetting hammer
borax
1/4" round tongs
1/4" round drift, if you have it
light welding hammer
round punch for screw holes

NEEDED                                    
SUGGESTED
23) Repousse (and tooling)
1/4" and 3/8" round tongs
light hammer with broad flat face
file
sandpaper
hot rasp
scrolling or wolfjaw tongs
scrap of plywood (at least 8" sq)
steel polishing supplies
phillips screwdriver
ear plugs/muffs (recommended!)
sharpie marker
tiny centerpunch or scribe
24) Leaf Hammer (and tooling)
5/8" sq/round tongs
3-8-1/2" sq/round tongs
hot rasp
file
sandpaper
round faced hammer
outside calipers (recommended!)
heavy hammer
25) Dan Dole's Letter Opener
light welding hammer
borax
file
1/4" round/sq tongs
broad bottom fuller
26) SLO Fire Rake
light welding hammer
borax
1/2" sq. tongs
 
27) Williamsburg Scrolling Tools
medium welding hammer
borax
1/2" round tongs
tongs to grab 1"x1/2"
hot rasp
28) Mortise and Tenon Joints (and tooling)
round punch (~1/4")
hot rasp
file
sandpaper
spring fuller (Level I!)
ball pein hammer
other sizes of round/sq. punch
rat-tail file
set hammer
guillotine tool or 'smoosh-o-matic'
heavy hammer